All About Adrenals

The adrenal glands are a pair of triangular glands that sit on top of the kidneys. They are responsible for the release of several hormones that regulate metabolism, immune system function, and salt-water balance. They also help in the body’s response to stress.

Adrenal disease occurs when excessive hormones are produced and too little is produced. There are several reasons why the adrenal gland malfunctions.

Problems in the adrenal gland could be due to:

  • Tumour
  • Infection
  • Injury
  • Auto immune conditions
  • Bleeding
  • Lack of blood supply.

Adrenal gland problems include:

  • Cushing syndrome
  • Aldosteronism
  • Pheochromocytoma
  • Addisons disease
  • Conns syndrome

Adrenal gland closely works with the pituitary gland.

Adrenal disease can lead to serious complications and can dramatically affect quality of life.

People with problems with adrenal gland can present with a variety of symptoms including:

  • Tiredness
  • Loss of weight
  • Headache
  • Excessive sweating
  • Weight Loss
  • Weight gain
  • Dizziness
  • Recurrent collapse
  • Low blood pressure
  • High blood pressure
  • Increased hair growth(Hirsutism)
  • Infertility
  • Irregular periods and many more.

Some of adrenal diseases can be life threatening. It is therefore extremely important that appropriate investigations are done by an endocrinologist and treatment initiated soon.

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