October 2021

What is short synacthen test?

Short synacthen test determines if your adrenal glands are producing enough steroid hormone called cortisol. Adrenal glands are small glands which sits on top on each kidney. Adrenal gland produces several hormones. Hormones are chemicals produced by a gland, which sends messages to different parts of the body and control their function. Hormones play an important role in metabolism and functioning of the body.

October 2020

I am on metformin. Is it safe? How can I prevent side effects?

Metformin tablet is often prescribed as the first medication for the treatment of type 2 diabetes along with healthy lifestyle advice. Doctors have been prescribing Metformin for more than 60 years to reduce blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes. A French physician, called  Jean Sterne, first reported the use of metformin to treat diabetes in 1957. Doctors have huge experience with this medication. The main advantages of metformin are that hypoglycaemia (a low blood sugar) is uncommon and unlike sulphonylureas (gliclazide, glimepiride),it  is less likely to cause weight gain.  Metformin can also be taken in addition to other glucose lowering tablets and insulin, if the blood glucose is not controlled.

October 2020

What is Thyroid Eye Disease and How is it Treated?

Thyroid eye disease, in short TED is an autoimmune condition. This means that your body's immune system attacks the muscles  and tissues in the back of eye presuming they are foreign. Thyroid eye disease is seen more commonly in people with Graves disease( auto immune over active thyroid) or thyrotoxicosis. However thyroid eye disease is also rarely seen in people with under active thyroid(Hashimoto's's disease).When thyroid eye disease is seen in people with Graves disease, it is called Graves Ophthalmopathy (GO).

October 2020

What is HbA1C or Glycated Haemoglobin?

What is HbA1c? HbA1c or glycated haemoglobin or glycosylated haemoglobin is a simple blood test to measure your long-term diabetes control.  It is used to measure the amount of glucose which is attached to the protein in the red blood cells in the body. The readings you get on your own glucometer by pricking your finger, only lets you know what your blood glucoses is at that particular point in time. Where as HbA1c provides an average blood glucose over the last three to four months.

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