October 2020

I am on metformin. Is it safe? How can I prevent side effects?

Metformin tablet is often prescribed as the first medication for the treatment of type 2 diabetes along with healthy lifestyle advice. Doctors have been prescribing Metformin for more than 60 years to reduce blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes. A French physician, called  Jean Sterne, first reported the use of metformin to treat diabetes in 1957. Doctors have huge experience with this medication. The main advantages of metformin are that hypoglycaemia (a low blood sugar) is uncommon and unlike sulphonylureas (gliclazide, glimepiride),it  is less likely to cause weight gain.  Metformin can also be taken in addition to other glucose lowering tablets and insulin, if the blood glucose is not controlled.

October 2020

What is Thyroid Eye Disease and How is it Treated?

Thyroid eye disease, in short TED is an autoimmune condition. This means that your body's immune system attacks the muscles  and tissues in the back of eye presuming they are foreign. Thyroid eye disease is seen more commonly in people with Graves disease( auto immune over active thyroid) or thyrotoxicosis. However thyroid eye disease is also rarely seen in people with under active thyroid(Hashimoto's's disease).When thyroid eye disease is seen in people with Graves disease, it is called Graves Ophthalmopathy (GO).

October 2020

What is HbA1C or Glycated Haemoglobin?

What is HbA1c? HbA1c or glycated haemoglobin or glycosylated haemoglobin is a simple blood test to measure your long-term diabetes control.  It is used to measure the amount of glucose which is attached to the protein in the red blood cells in the body. The readings you get on your own glucometer by pricking your finger, only lets you know what your blood glucoses is at that particular point in time. Where as HbA1c provides an average blood glucose over the last three to four months.

October 2020

All about DEXA scan

What is a DEXA scan? It is a scan that measures the density of bone.  It is generally considered that, denser the bone, the stronger it is and the less likely it is to fracture. It is mainly used to diagnose osteoporosis (loss of bone material) and to assess your risk of having a fractures.  A DEXA scan is not like a CT, MRI, or ultrasound scan and it does not involve having an injection or lying down in a tunnel.

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